Seoul, Korea - Nationale vlaggen flankeerden de lobby van het Sheraton Grande Walkerhill Hotel terwijl 800 afgevaardigden uit 91 landen de UPF's World Summit 2013 in Seoul, Korea op 22-25 februari bijwoonden.
"Vrede en veiligheid zijn zegeningen die van God komen en het is daarom van vitaal belang om alle leren die van God komen te gebruiken en wijze en gedurfde maatregelen te nemen die duurzame vrede en veiligheid garanderen," verklaarde Mohammad Karim Khalili, vice-president van Afghanistan. Hij opende de sessies die werden bijgewoond door staatshoofden en regeringsleiders uit Europa, Afrika, en Azië alsmede First Ladies en voorzitters van de Nationale Assemblies.
De voorzitter van UPF, dominee Hyung Jin Moon, verwelkomde de deelnemers en beschreef zijn ouders' visie van een nieuw mondiaal tijdperk waarin alle mensen met een houding van liefde bij elkaar komen en de barrières van nationaliteit, ras en religie zullen overwinnen" (Voor een video van zijn toespraak
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UPF voorzitter Dr Thomas Walsh legde uit dat de summit was gewijd aan de visie, het leven, het werk en de nalatenschap van wijlen UPF oprichter dominee Dr. Sun Myung Moon, die op 03 september 2012 is overleden. Dominee Moon sprak over 22 februari als het keerpunt in de geschiedenis van de voorzienigheid, het begin van een nieuw tijdperk van vrede en een wereld waarin alle mensen samen gaan leven als een familie onder God. Deze spirituele visie werd gedeeld door de deelnemers en sprekers van de conferentie, die de opmerkelijke veranderingen die nu in de hele wereld plaatsvinden, beschreven.
De First Lady van Mali, mevrouw Mintou Doucoure Traore, sprak over de invasie van het noordelijke deel van haar land door jihadisten en drugshandelaars en het feit dat grote aantallen mensen ontheemd zijn en lijden, niet alleen door het gebrek aan voedsel, maar ook door de verkrachting van vrouwen en meisjes. Ze sprak haar waardering uit voor de interventie van Frankrijk en omliggende landen en vrienden van Mali. "In de naam van onze gemeenschappelijke menselijke familie, in de naam van de mensheid, doe ik een beroep op uw hulp voor mijn land, ons land, Mali, om uit deze gevaarlijke impasse te komen"
Hieronder vindt u de toespraak van Willem van Eekelen aan de conferentie
Looking around the world it is hard to find a model of integration and common destiny like the European Union is providing after the second world war. Conceptually, the most interesting point is the approach of people like Schuman, Monnet and Adenauer to solve age-old problems by putting them in a new context. Rivalry between France and Germany first was restrained by the Coal and Steel Community, which made nationalist military expansion of a single coutry impossible. A subsequent attempt at a European Defence Community failed, because it was a bridge too far. Instead the focus was on the formation of a single economic market with a level playing field under the rule of law.
The construction of Europe was an interesting mix of competition and solidarity. Competition among firms regardless of their nationality. Solidarity with less developed regions. The set up was “sui generis” : a Commission proposes, decisions are taken by a Council of Ministers, on most issues with qualified majority, and with co-decision by the European parliament. A Court of Justice enforces implementation of directives and regulations throughout the Union. And even beyond, because countries like Norway and Switzerland follow suit even if they did not participate in the decision making..
The process of enlargement probably was the greatest foreign policy achievement: giving the new democracies of Eastern Europe a sense of belonging and support on reforming their governments in terms of accountability and accountability. I assume that the countries of the Western Balkan over time will also join the EU and I hope Turkey as well. But the criteria for enlargement have hardened, which may seem unfair to the new candidates. The financial crisis has made us look much harder at the way member countries follow up their promises. A new word entered our vocabulary : moral hazard. It means the risk that certain countries slow down on the implementation of their commitments when the pressure slackens and thus harm the countries which were fully compliant. That was the reason why the decisions to restructure financial oversight of national budgets and the banking system took so long. Support for those in trouble would only be acceptable if it was clear that they would do their utmost to honour their commitments, even if this meant painful adjustments and austerity. I suppose UPF has a different notion of ‘moral hasard’ but I hope you understand what I meant !
Of course the EU is not perfect. On the internal market we are doing relatively well but economic policy coordination has been weak. We built a Monetary Union but failed on the indispensible corollary of Economic Union. Instead we have used vague terms like Political Union, a term few people understand and which even may frighten them. Fear of a Super State – whatever that might be – is grossly exaggerated, because all 27 members participate in virtually every decision taken in Brussels. But it is a fact that more and more people see European integration as threatening, because they experience it as a process which keeps on rolling forward without them having control over it. Also that is an exaggeration, because since the Treaty of Lisbon the European parliament has real powers, as shown during their handling of the financial crisis, the so-called six-pack. Therefore I find accusations of the EU being undemocratic, grossly untrue. The European Parliament is not less democratic than most national parliaments.
That brings me to foreign, security and defence policy, which is organised in a different manner, more in the way of a traditional intergovernmental conference with unanimous decision making. We have tried to improve the structure by combining the High Representative, now Lady Ashton, with that of Vice President of the European Commission, thus forging an integrated approach She chairs the council of Foreign Ministers and is the head of the European Defence Agency and the European External Action Service. Today, the EU has delegations abroad which are responsible for the entire spectrum of its activities.
Where the EU falls short of expectations is the field of security and defence. We talk of ‘pooling and sharing’ but in fact maintain defence establishments which do very little together. That is untenable at a time of shrinking defence budgets and will harm the competitivity of European industry. But the basic approach is correct : the link between security, development and good governance. We like to work together with regional organisations like the African Union and ASEAN in South East Asia. The EU has mounted some 24 operations, most of them of a civil-military character. A most successful mission has monitored the peace process in Aceh, where the guerrillas handed in their arms and the army withdrew forces correspondingly.
In December the European Council will devote a session to defence policy and countries are already gearing up by preparing white papers aimed at a new vision of security. A vision which, I hope, will show a greater sense of responsibility in Europe to contribute to peace and security in the world.
Peace requires hard work. It is not something which floats down from the air, but is the result of using all instruments available to the international community. Without a minimum of security there cannot be development and our efforts would be wasted. But in the long run there cannot be stability and security without lasting development. It has taken some time for the ‘developers’ and the ‘security sector’ to see the essential connection. That’s why I am grateful to the UPF for organising this conference under the heading of ‘Peace, Security and Human development’, for we’ll make progress only if these three remain inextricably linked.
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